July 18, 2024


Law, This Is It!

Islamic Modern society, Human Legal rights, and the Death Penalty – Funds Punishment in Morocco

5 min read

Globe Context

Traditionally nearly all societies have applied the dying penalty in some measure. Right now just about all of Europe, most of Latin The us, and countries these kinds of as Australia, New Zealand, and Canada have abolished the loss of life penalty from their legislation and apply. Nevertheless, some countries this kind of as the US, Guatemala, and substantially of Asia and Africa keep it. There are 69 international locations that still implement the death penalty and about 30 other people that continue to have it in their law.

Current Place

In concept, Morocco retains the loss of life penalty for common and army crimes nevertheless, the death penalty has not been carried out given that 1993. Article 16 of the Moroccan penal code enables cash punishment for murder, torture, armed theft, arson, treason, desertion or an try on the king’s daily life.


The very last execution was carried out in 1993 on the law enforcement commissioner head of basic intelligence, Mohammed Tabet. He was executed for utilizing his situation to rape hundreds of girls and youthful women.

Extra a short while ago, there was a man sentenced to loss of life for stabbing a overseas few in their dwelling in Rabat. On June 18th, 2007, a Moroccan appeals court docket upheld the dying sentence. There are at present 131 people today on death row, such as 7 ladies. Nevertheless, the demise penalty is nonetheless the constitutional prerogative of the king, and King Mohammed VI has not yet signed a loss of life warrant since he grew to become king in 1999.

Royal Pardon

In Morocco, it is customary to mark nationwide and religious holiday seasons with a royal pardon of prisoners. In November 2005, King Mohammed VI granted royal pardon and diminished sentences to 10,000 prisoners to mark Morocco’s 50th anniversary of independence. More not too long ago, the king pardoned 9,000 prisoners to mark the delivery of his daughter (February 28, 2007). Several inmates on dying row have witnessed their loss of life sentences lowered to lifetime sentences by way of these types of royal pardons.


In modern political landscape, terrorism is deemed to be the major obstacle to abolishing capital punishment in Morocco all collectively. In May well 2003, the Moroccan parliament handed a new anti-terrorist regulation, which created standard crimes eligible for the demise penalty if they are regarded terrorist crimes. By August 2005, more than 2,000 people today had been accused of crimes linked to terrorism. 903 of these have been presented prison sentences, while 17 have been sentenced to dying.

Present Discussion

In 2003, a civil entity symbolizing 4 associations, Coalition Nationale pour L’Abolition de la Peine de Mort au Maroc (CNAPM), was created to get the job done toward the abolition of funds punishment in Morocco. The capital punishment debate, began by Le Entrance des Forces Democratiques (FFD), has led to the establishment of a commission of jurists to overview the Moroccan prison code regarding funds punishment. According to Mohamed Bouzabaa, Moroccan Justice Minister, the evaluation is in an highly developed stage and it looks like the discussion amongst Moroccan jurists is increasingly oriented towards abolition. In Oct 2006, it was declared that a invoice for the abolition of funds punishment would be presented to parliament for a vote in Spring 2007. Bouchra Khiari, deputy of the social gathering main the challenge to end cash punishment, the FFD, states that the invoice is ready and has been submitted to the standard secretariat of the govt.

Political Positions


The job to conclusion capital punishment is being led by Le Front des Forces Democratiques (FFD). Guidance is coming from parties such as l’Union Socialiste des Forces Populaires (USFP) and Le Parti du Progres et du Socialisme (PPS). Malika Oulialy, member of the PPS, states that the abolition of capital punishment concerns the procedure of democratization of the region. She thinks that it is crucial for a society to respect the right to lifestyle. Ahmed Kouza, member of Amnesty Intercontinental Morocco, argues that funds punishment has no put in present-day Morocco as it “leaves no possibilities for correction and re-integration for inmates into modern society.”


Resistance to the monthly bill for the abolition of funds punishment is predicted from Le Parti de la Justice et du Developpement (PJD). They are the only government regarded Islamic Occasion, and they declare that the death penalty is constant with Sharia legislation. Islamist groups declare that Sharia Regulation dictates the loss of life penalty in crimes these kinds of as murder and adultery.

Islam and Funds Punishment

In Help of Abolition:

Muslim proponents in favor of abolition keep that God has created lifestyle sacred, and consequently the abolition of cash punishment does not contradict the teachings of Islam. Oulialy, of the PPS, suggests that, “Islam has prohibited killing. Hence, there is no contradiction among Islam and a human rights tradition.” Quranic guidance for the posture: “No 1 can die apart from by God’s permission, the terms staying set as by creating” (3:145).

In Guidance of Money Punishment:

Several scholars of the Quran feel that it indicates the allowance for money punishment. The principal aid for this situation is: “Consider not everyday living, which God has produced sacred, apart from by way of justice and legislation. So does He command you, so that you may perhaps master knowledge” (6:151). A further indicator that the Quaran supports the use of funds punishment is: “And we prescribe for them therein the daily life for a existence, the eye for the eye, the nose for the nose, the ear for the ear, the tooth for the tooth, and for wounds of retaliation. But whosoever forgives it (in the way of charity), it shall be expiation for him. Whosoever judges not by that which God has uncovered, these kinds of as wrongdoers” (5:45).

Crimes Punishable by Money Punishment:

In accordance to Islamic regulation, there is an allowance for the loss of life penalty in circumstances of intentional murder and Fasad fil ardh (“spreading mischief in the land”). This is based mostly on: “…If anybody kills a human being -except if it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land -it would be as if he killed all individuals. And if any individual saves lifetime, it would be as if he saved the daily life of all individuals” (5:32). “Spreading mischief in the land” is normally understood to consist of crimes this sort of as treason, apostacy, terrorism, piracy, rape, adultery, and homosexual conduct. The Quran does give a opportunity for the victim’s spouse and children to pardon the perpetrator and forgiveness in inspired.

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