May 25, 2024


Law, This Is It!

Find out Japanese – My Sincerest Apologies

4 min read

Understand Japanese quickly! There are occasions when you require to apologize. It can be tricky sufficient to say you might be sorry, but not figuring out whether or not to do it in formal or casual Japanese can make a tough condition even even worse! Based on whether or not you happen to be at work or talking to a near buddy, you are going to use Japanese incredibly in another way. This Starter Japanese article is so important! It will assist you grasp informal and official Japanese with genuine-globe examples, this sort of as how to apologize the suitable way. In addition to user-welcoming charts that’ll help you understand official and informal Japanese, you will find out must-have Japanese vocabulary phrases this sort of as kaimono (“shopping”). This is a fantastic Japanese write-up that you are absolutely sure to really like!
Vocabulary: In this article, you will discover the following words and phrases:
Shuppatsu – “leaving, departure”
jikan – “time”
basu – “bus”
noru – “to journey, to just take, to get on” (verb 1)
wasuremono – “a little something overlooked, misplaced write-up”
miyage – “souvenir, present”
kaimono – “shopping”
takusan – “lots of, a ton, significantly”
shitsumon – “dilemma”
Mooshiwake arimasen. – “I am sorry.”
Grammar: In this article, you may learn the pursuing words and phrases:
Practical Vocabulary and Phrases
wasuremono – “overlooked item”
kaimono – “searching”
Each wasuremono and kaimono grow to be verbs when they are followed by -o suru or -suru.
For Illustration:

  1. wasuremono ( o ) suru “to overlook some thing” (practically, “to do dropped report”)
  2. kaimono ( o ) suru “to go purchasing” (basically, “to do shopping”)

Sample Sentences:

  1. Wasuremono o shimashita. “I forgot a little something.”
  2. O-miyage-ya de kaimono o shimashita. “I did some browsing at a souvenir shop.”


noru – “to ride, to get on, to take”
We mark the transportation a person takes with the particle ni. The opposite term is oriru. Nonetheless, we mark the transportation just one is taking with the particle o.
For much more details, see Nihongo Doojoo Starter Collection Report 19.
Transportation / Particle / Noru orOriru
Basu / ni / noru (norimasu)
Densha / ni / noru (norimasu)
Chikatestu / ni / noru (norimasu)
Takushii / ni / noru (norimasu)
Jinrikisha / ni / noru (norimasu)
Basu / o / oriru (orimasu)
Densha / o / oriru (orimasu)
Chikatestu / o / oriru (orimasu)
Takushii / o / oriru (orimasu)
Jinrikisha / o / oriru (orimasu)
For Example:

  1. Tookyoo-eki de Yamanote-sen ni notte kudasai. “Just take the Yamanote-line at Tokyo station.”
  2. Tookyoo-eki de Yamanote-sen o orite kudasai. “Get off from the Yamanote-line at Tokyo station.”


Mooshiwake arimasen. – “My apologies.”
The literal that means of mooshiwake arimasen is “there is no space for justification.” By stating this phrase, the speaker is technically admitting one’s fault for a little something. In much more formal conditions, we use gozaimasen (“does not exist”) as a substitute of arimasen. Gozaimasen is a humble form of arimasen.
*Expressing apologies
For additional facts, see Nihongo Doojoo Newbie Sequence Welcome to Model You, Posting 10
See the subsequent to critique the formality.

  1. Mooshiwake gozaimasen. Quite formal. We use this phrase to specific apologies in a small business predicament.
  2. Mooshiwake arimasen. Official. We use this to convey apologies in a business enterprise situation, but it’s a lot less official than Mooshiwake gozaimasen.
  3. Mooshiwake nai desu. Fewer formal than Mooshiwake arimasen, but it is even now a formal expression.
  4. Mooshiwake nai. Informal. We simply cannot use this in a official scenario.

Grammar Review

In this post, we are heading to learn additional about official and informal speech by examining the past detrimental variety of a verb.
“I do not have time.”
Official: Jikan ga arimasen deshita.
Informal: Jikan ga nakatta.
How to develop the formal earlier destructive type of a verb:

  1. Modify the verb into its corresponding –masu kind.
  2. Fall –masu and insert –masen deshita.

For a lot more info, see Nihongo Doojoo Beginner Sequence Style You and Beyond Article 23

Verb Conjugation of Official Kinds:

Dictionary Type / Non-Previous (-masu form) / Non-past Destructive / Past / Previous Adverse

kau / kaimasu / kaimasen / kaimashita / kaimasendeshita

aru / arimasu / arimasen / arimashita / arimasendeshita

How to create the casual past unfavorable kind of a verb:

  1. Adjust the verb into its corresponding –nai sort.
  2. Drop -i and add -katta.

Verb Conjugation of Casual Sorts

Course 1 Verbs:

Non-Past (Dictionary Sort) / Non-Earlier Adverse / Earlier (-ta kind) / Previous Detrimental

kau / kawanai / katta / kawanakatta

iku / ikanai / itta / ikanakatta

kaku / kakanai / kaita / kakanakatta

hanasu / hanasanai / hanashita / hanasanakatta

Course 2 Verbs:

Non-Earlier (Dictionary Sort) / Non-Past Destructive / Earlier (-ta variety) / Earlier Unfavorable

taberu / tabenai / tabeta / tabenakatta

neru / nenai / neta / nenakatta

Course 3 Verbs:

Non-Past (Dictionary Form) / Non-Previous Negative / Past (-ta kind) / Earlier Adverse

suru / shinai / shita / shinakatta

kuru / konai / kita / konakatta


Aru usually means, “exist.” On the other hand, the informal non-previous negative variety is not aranai, but nai.Non-Previous (Dictionary Type) / Non-Earlier Unfavorable / Earlier (-ta variety) / Past Detrimental

aru / nai / atta / nakatta


Practice 1

Fill in the blanks and comprehensive the informal verb conjugation chart.

“English” /
Non-Previous (dictionary sort) / Non-Earlier Damaging / Past (-ta sort) / Past Damaging

“to wait around” / matsu / matanai / ___ / ___

“to die” / shinu / ___ / shinda / ___

“to contact” / yobu / ___ / ___ / ___

“to experience” / ___ / noranai / ___ / ___

“to consume” / ___ / ___ / tabeta / ___

“to search” / miru / ___ / ___ / minakatta

“to do” / ___ / ___ / ___ / ___

“to arrive” / ___ / ___ / ___ / ___


Practice 2

Be sure to rewrite the sentences in casual form.


  1. Watashi wa hiru-gohan o tabemasendeshita. _____________________________________________________________________
  2. O-miyage o kaimasen deshita. _____________________________________________________________________
  3. Wakarimasen dehsita. _____________________________________________________________________
  4. O-kane ga arimasen deshita. _____________________________________________________________________


Remember to rewrite the sentences in official sort.

  1. Kamakura ni ikanakatta. _____________________________________________________________________
  2. Kankoo shinakatta. _____________________________________________________________________
  3. Densha ni noranakatta. _____________________________________________________________________
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