July 18, 2024

Aqeeldhedhi

Law, This Is It!

The Most Critical Japanese Lesson Yet!

4 min read

Community transportation is massive in Japan. You can almost certainly will need to capture a bus at some place. So, you will want to question questions such as, “is this bus certain for Tokyo?” You can likely also require to tell individuals points these as, “I need to get off the teach at Nagano station.” Phrases and concerns like these are the key to acquiring about in Japan.

This Novice Japanese posting is listed here to help you! You will master how to request and answer questions about wherever you are striving to go. Ask Kono basu wa Tokyo-iki desu? (“Is this bus sure for Tokyo?”) and identical questions in Japanese. This Japanese report is the critical to finding wherever you are headed!

Vocabulary: In this write-up, you will find out the subsequent words and phrases and phrases:

waza waza – “having so considerably trouble”

agaru – “to enter, to come up” (class 1 verb)

kaeru – “to go back” (class 1 verb)

yuuhan – “evening meal”

ekimae – “in front of the station”

umai – “delectable, tasty” (-i ending adjective)

uisukii – “whiskey”

koori – “ice”

hantai – “reverse”

kansha – “many thanks, gratitude”

shoojiki – “actually, sincere”

betsu – “distinctive, one more”

Grammar: In this posting, you are going to learn the next text and phrases:

Practical Vocabulary and Phrases

yuuhan “supper, night food”

There are several terms indicating “supper” in Japanese:

yuu-gohan

ban-gohan

yuu-shoku

yuuhan

yumeshi (really informal and sounds masculine)

banmeshi (quite informal and appears masculine)

Make sure you also evaluation “breakfast” and “lunch:”

Breakfast:

asa-go-han

choo-shoku

asa-meshi (very informal and appears masculine)

Lunch:

o-hiru-go-han

hiru-go-han

o-hiru

hiru

chuu-shoku

hiru-meshi (very informal and sounds masculine)

hantai “opposition”

When we increase -suru or o suru , it gets to be a verb which means “to oppose.” The opposite phrase is sansei, which means “approval.” The particle ni follows the object a person opposes or agrees with.

Case in point

Musume no kekkon ni hantai suru.

“I am opposed to my daughter’s relationship.”

Modern Concentrate on Phrase

Tokyo ni kaetta.

“She went back again to Tokyo.

The verb conjugations that make the –ta sort of a verb, or the basic past kind of a verb, are today’s grammar point. The development of the simple past sort is quite basic: transform the ultimate audio of the –te type from –te to –ta.

-ta Form of Verbs

  1. Conjugate a verb to the –te type. SEE Rookie Collection Season 4, Articles 19, 20, 21, and 22 for additional facts.
  2. Drop the -te and include –ta

“English” / Dictionary Type / Te Form / Ta Type

“to purchase” / kau / katte / katta

“to publish” / kaku / kaite / kaita

“to converse” / hanasu / hanashite / hanashita

“to wait around” / matsu / matte / matta

“to die” / shinu / shinde / shinda

“to consume” / nomu / nonde / nonda

“to make” / tsukuru / tsukutte / tsukutta

“to swim” / oyogu / oyoide / oyoida

“to invite” / yobu / yonde / yonda

“to go” / iku / itte / itta

“to try to eat” / taberu / tabete / tabeta

“to return” / kaeru / kaette / kaetta

“to do” / suru / shite / shita

“to arrive” / kuru / kite / kita

Official Speech and Casual Speech

Politeness Degree / Formal Speech / Casual SpeechNon-Previous Affirmative / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaerimasu. / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaeru.

Non-Past Unfavorable / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaerimasen. / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaeranai.

Past Affirmative/ Miu wa Tokyo ni kaerimashita. / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaetta.

Earlier Detrimental / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaerimasen deshita. / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaeranakatta.

Notes:

*Non-previous dictionary kind of a verb: See Nihongo Doojoo, “Fashion You and Over and above, Articles 19, 20, 21, and 22,” for more details.

*Non-well mannered previous form of a verb: See Newbie Year 4 Report 23 for extra aspects.

*Remember to notice thatthe non-previous basic damaging type of a verb conjugates as -i ending adjectives to get the past type. Adjust the last -i to katta.

For Case in point:

  1. kaeranai gets to be keranakatta
  2. minai will become minakatta

This grammar level has not been spelled out in the Nihongo Doojoo collection yet.

Follow 1:

Fill in the blanks to complete the chart.

Class 1 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Type / Basic Damaging Variety / -Te Sort / -Ta Sort

“to hear” / kiku / kikanai / kiite / kiita

“to lend” / —- / kasanai / kashite / —-

“to wait” / matsu / —- / —- / —-

“to read” / —- / yomanai / —- / —-

“to realize” / —- / —- / wakatte / —-

“to go” / iku / —- / itte / —-

“to say” / iku / iwanai / itte / —-

“to meet” / au / —- / —- / —-

Course 2 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Variety / Basic Adverse Sort / -Te Sort / -Ta Type

“to slumber” / neru / nenai / nete / —-

“to seem” / miru / —- / —- / —-

Class 3 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Variety / Plain Destructive Kind / -Te Sort / -Ta Sort

“to do” / —- / —- / shite / —-

“to arrive” / kuru / —- / kite / —-

Observe 2:

Adjust the official speech to casual speech.

  1. Terebi o mimashita.
  2. Yhan o tabemashita.
  3. Nihon-go o benky shimashita.
  4. Kin Nihon ni kimashita.
  5. Wakarimashita.
  6. Mizu o nomimashita.
  7. Takush de ikimashita.  

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